Apart from the traditional tea, there are many available varieties of tea. The variations are based on taste, way of manufacturing, their properties and benefits. Of late, Green tea and Matcha tea have become very popular for various benefits it has. Both are derived from the same plant called Camellia Sinensis, and both of them belong to the category of green tea, which is the unfermented type.
But their manufacturing process is very different from one another.
In the case of green tea, the tree blooms in the sunlight till the last day. Then the leaves are plucked. Then the leaves are sundried, pan dried or steam dried.
But in case of matcha tea, about two weeks before the harvest, the tea bushes are covered with bamboo covers. It grows in the shade depleted of the sunlight. It increases the chlorophyll content of the leaves, along with a higher percentage of caffeine and antioxidants. The matcha tea leaves are dried in the shade.
In a way, Matcha tea is a type of green tea. But since its properties are very different from green tea, it is treated as a separate category.
The green tea and matcha tea both have their own distinct, colour, texture, taste and properties.
The Significant Difference Between Matcha And Green Tea
- Matcha tea is bright green, because of the very high chlorophyll content. Whereas the colour of the green tea is light greenish-yellow.
- Matcha tea has a very high concentration of chlorophyll and antioxidants in comparison to green tea. The survival mechanism of the tea bush, comes into play, because of lack of sunlight and to make up for the loss of food, more chlorophyll is produced to keep the nutrition going.
- The caffeine percentage in matcha is much higher than green tea. Up to a moderate level of consumption, this is good.
- In the case of the matcha tea, during the manufacturing process, the leaves are protected from direct sunlight in the last few weeks before plucking. But in the case of green tea, the leaves are sundried, and even before plucking, the leaves are not shaded.
- The matcha tea has an excellent distinct leafy taste, but green tea is a little bitter, and hence it is often flavoured.
- Matcha tea has a very smooth fine texture and is in powder form while the green tea has a grainy, leaf-like texture.
- The matcha tea is available for use in powder form, and when heated in water, the whole powder gets dissolved in water. Green tea is available in tea bags and lots of nutrients get left behind in the bag.
- Matcha tea is very concentrated. Green tea is much lighter. In terms of nutrients, 1 cup of matcha tea is equivalent to more than 12 cups of green tea.
- Matcha tea is costlier than green tea. It is to justify the long and tedious manufacturing process of matcha tea.
- The finest of the matcha tea comes from Japan, whereas green tea comes from China and Japan both.
Tea the most popular drink
The world over, after water, tea is the most popular drink. Served hot or cold, tea lovers claim that apart from being refreshing, it has lots of other benefits like it reduces blood pressure, prevents cardiovascular disease, helps in weight loss and many more.
All tea comes from the plant of Camellia Sinensis. The recipe of tea originated from China, and from there, it found its way to Japan. Then it spread to all parts of the world.
Many varieties of tea are available, based on where the tea leaf is grown and on the tea leaf manufacturing process.
The main categories of tea are;
- Fermented (black)tea
This type of tea undergoes microbial fermentation for a long time, stretching over the years sometimes. Because of the oxidation process, the tea leaves and the brewed tea also develops a dark colour. However, this should not be confused with black tea. The famous Kombucha is an example of fermented tea.
- Unfermented (Green Tea)
In this category of tea, oxidation is prevented or inhibited by immediately heating the leaves after being plucked. The heating may be pan drying or steam drying. Since the fermentation does not happen, the leaves remain green in colour and hence the name green tea.
- Semifermented (Oolong) tea.
This third category of tea is left for fermentation for a short period, generally a few hours. The colour of the tea in this category is bright amber to pale yellow.
Each variety has its unique flavour, properties and benefits. With so many types to choose from, you may want to know how they are different and what suits you best.
Is Matcha Healthier Than Green Tea?
Drinking tea is linked to lots of health benefits and in countries like China and Japan, it a part of the meditative and religious rituals.
But green tea is considered healthier than the regular tea and matcha is considered far more robust than the green tea for various reasons.
The difference in the manufacturing process of matcha tea has enhanced the health attributes of the matcha tree.
- The matcha tea has higher levels of tannin than green tea. Tannins, known as polyphenols, are plant-based micronutrients that help reduce blood pressure, hastens blood clotting, decreases serum lipid levels. A standard cup of matcha tea has about 100 mg of tannin as against 7 mg in case of green tea.
- The antioxidant level in matcha tea is more than double the green tea has. Antioxidants contribute significantly to physical well-being.
- It protects against digestive disorders and has a strong antiaging effect.
- It is good for the kidneys.
- The intake of antioxidants improves the reproductive, nervous and respiratory systems. Matcha tea makes the immune system strong.
- It works against obesity too. It reduces stress and improves sleep.
The green tea also has these benefits, but because of higher antioxidant levels, the matcha tea has more enormous benefits.
- The green tea has 35 mg of caffeine and matcha has 280 mg of caffeine in a standard cup of tea. Caffeine is known to boost memory, burn fat, increase endurance, regulate blood sugar levels, speed up muscle recovery, reduces the risk of stroke.
- Since Matcha has a higher concentration of L-theanine, it relaxes the mind and produces an alpha wave. It also enhances the feel-good hormones like serotonin, dopamine etc.
- Protein is the fundamental bodybuilding component. It develops and maintains muscles; keeps the nervous system in good condition; is one of the essential constituents of a healthy diet. One cup of matcha has 578 mg of protein, whereas the green tea has 3.35mg of protein. So clearly, matcha is better than green tea.
- The fibre controls blood sugar and decreases the chances of a heart attack. It improves digestion, skin health and good for kidney. Green tea has 0.01 mg of fibre, while Matcha has 0.34 mg fibre in one cup of tea. Being high in fibre content, Matcha is healthier than green tea.
- Calcium is vital for bone health. Matcha has 6.5mg of calcium per cup as against 0.05 mg in green tea. For bones too, matcha tea is better.
- Matcha has 0.34 mg of iron in one cup, while green tea has less than 0.01mg. Iron facilitates the movement of oxygen in the body.
- Potassium is a crucial element for the kidney, nerves and muscles. Matcha has 42.3 mg of iron and green tea has 0.45 mg of iron.
Is Matcha Green Tea Good for Your Skin
Matcha tea works wonders for your skin. Matcha tea can be applied externally as a face pack, scrubs and lotions and toners.
Drinking matcha tea also promotes the good health of the skin.
- It has strong antiaging properties. A high concentration of Vitamin A, C and K, along with B complex, provides excellent nourishment to the skin to make it healthy.
- And the high antioxidant levels keeps the skin smooth and young. Thus it acts as an excellent anti-ageing solution.
- Used as a face pack, it is a very effective exfoliator. It removes the dead skin, oils and acne very efficiently.
- A high concentration of caffeine reduces the puffiness of the skin
- A very high level of chlorophyll reduces wrinkles and minimizes photoaging.
- It improves the overall elasticity of the skin.
- Matcha face pack with lemongrass is a great antifungal and antibacterial treatment.
- The EGCG antioxidant present in a suitable concentration in Matcha tea prevents damage to the DNA structure.
- Because of this, it minimizes/reduces the ill effect of Ultraviolet B type radiation and this means protection from skin cancer.
- The regular use of Matcha tea has lightened the skin colour tone.
Can You Drink Matcha Every Day, How Much You Should Drink?
It is perfectly safe to drink Matcha tea every day, It will keep you healthy, maintains metabolism at a good pace, calms the mind, properly detoxify. It supplies lots of micronutrients in appropriate quantities.
One teaspoon of matcha tea would give you about 70 mg caffeine, and the maximum that a human body can safely tolerate is about 400 mg of caffeine in a day.
Overdoing good things may also harm your body, so you should limit matcha tea to about 5 cups in a day.
Ideally, drinking up to 3 cups of matcha will get you all benefits of matcha sans the trouble. A moderate dosage of matcha will also help your keep away from withdrawal symptoms when you do not drink matcha tea.
Matcha & Green Tea For Weight Loss
Both Matcha and green tea help burn fat and make you fit.
- It is a great detoxifier. Regular consumption of matcha tea throws out the toxins, and the body loses weight
- Thermogenesis is the process of burning fat, related to metabolism in the body. The rate of thermogenesis increases by around 40 % because of Matcha tea.
- Both Matcha and green tea prevents the storage of fat in the body, and the body tends to get leaner.
- Regular use of Matcha or green tea suppresses appetite. EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) in matcha tea reduces the glucose level in the body, and this, in turn, reduces hunger.
- Matcha and green tea are known to breed suitable microorganisms that help build lean bodies. And they destroy harmful organisms, which bloats the body.
Matcha Anti Inflammatory
Inflammation is a type of soreness anywhere in the body, which is red, has a burning sensation, and it swells up.
These conditions can happen internal or external to the body. Inflammation can further lead to pain and other complications and can turn chronic.
Consumption of matcha tea helps in controlling and preventing inflammation.
Because of the presence of Phytochemical or polyphenols in the matcha tea, it prevents the oxidation of cells. That, in turn, controls the inflammation.
Matcha Cancer Fighter
Matcha tea helps you to fight cancer too. Any tissue can turn cancerous, where uncontrolled growth of the tissue happens. It may lead to severe complications
According to a article reseach on ncbi, matcha tea inhibits the growth of cancer stem cells, by targeting mitochondrial metabolism, glycolysis and multiples cell signalling systems.
Mitochondria is the part of cell tissue that generates energy, and when matcha tea inhibits the metabolism of cell mitochondria, the growth of the cell has to stop.
That is how Match tea helps in fighting cancer.
Green tea is trendy and all of us know the benefits of green tea. But Matcha tea, essentially a better variant of green tea, is far more healthy and beneficial for health and should be tried.
Replacing your regular beverage like coffee or plain tea, with Matcha can relieve you of many irritation health issues and help you lead a happy and fuller life.